Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Leningradsky pr. 49, Moscow, 125468, Russia
This article focuses on the circulation of coins in an anonymous Golden Horde town, which preceded the modern Eski-Yurt, on the outskirts of Bakhchysarai, Crimea. The coins found at the site are compared to others (those from hoards and isolated specimens) in Crimea. The results point to a date between the second half of the 13th century and the late 14th century. The highest economic activity occurred from 1340-1380. The distribution of coins with regard to mints is broadly the same as in other Crimean towns (most were minted in Qirim, Sarai al-Jedid, and Azaq). The presence of rather numerous “al-Jedid” coins suggests that they, too, may have been minted in Crimea, but the evidence is insufficient for a definite conclusion. Most coins from the Eski-Yurt collection were minted under Uzbeg Khan and Janibek Khan (1340-1350), and there are no coins minted after 1380.
Keywords: Golden Horde, Jochi Ulus, Volga region, numismatics, coins