Deciduous Human Teeth from the Upper Paleolithic Site of Yudinovo, Western Russia
Decidu ous Human Teeth from the Upper Paleolithic Site of Yudinovo, Western Russia
A.V. Zubova1, 2, V.G. Moiseyev1, G.A. Khlopachev1, and A.M. Kulkov3 1Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya nab. 3, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia 2Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia 3Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab. 7–9, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia
Population affinities of the Timonovka-Yudinovo Upper Paleolithic people are reconstructed on the basis of three isolated deciduous teeth (a lower lateral incisor, and lower and upper second molars, likely representing three individuals) found in 1987–1996, from Yudinovo in the Middle Desna basin (15–12 ka BP). On the basis of measurements and descriptive traits and computed microtomography, the teeth were compared with those from other Upper Paleolithic sites in northern Eurasia. The principal component analyses of metric and nonmetric traits revealed similar patterns. To minimize random variation, the results of both analyses were integrated. The results indicate affinity with the Pavlov people of Central Europe. The diagnostic trait combination includes weak expression of the Carabelli cusp on the upper second molar, accessory sixth cusp on the lower second molar, large vestibulo-lingual diameter of both molars, and moderate mesio-distal diameter of the lower second molar. These results support the view that the Timonovka-Yudinovo tradition is related to the eastern Gravette one.