Technological Development of the Neolithic Pottery at Göytepe (West Azerbaijan)
Technological Development of the Neolithic Pottery at Goytepe (West Azerbaijan)
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, H. Javid Pr. 115, Baku, AZ 1143, Republic of Azerbaijan
The Neolithic settlement of Goytepe (6th millennium cal BC) is of great importance for studying all stages of the Neolithic pottery not only of Azerbaijan, but also that of the Southern Caucasus. Here, we analyze pottery assemblage from the 4th building level at this site as an example of Neolithic ceramics of the Kura River valley, Southern Caucasus. We focused on the technological and morphological development of pottery from 14 building levels at Goytepe. This paper presents the results of the extensive study of pottery samples found in the 4th building level during archaeological excavations in 2017. Each pottery group was described and compared according to its technical features. The obtained results were compared with previous studies of other contemporaneous sites, to discuss the origin and technological development of Neolithic pottery in the Southern Caucasus. The conclusion was made about the independent development of the Shulaveri-Shomu culture at its early stage, and about the influence of the intercultural contacts at later stages.