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Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology
of Eurasia

41 (2) 2013

 

 

Annotation:    

Paleochannel Studies in Archaeology: The Case of the Vychegda River, Northeastern European Russia

V.N. Karmanov, A.V. Chernov, N.E. Zaretskaya, A.V. Panin, and A.V. Volokitin.

Geological and geomorphological settings are often taken into account when choosing strategy in archaeological studies. In the Vychegda River valley (Archangelsk Province, Komi Republic), at the end of the Late Pleistocene and in the Holocene, lateral channel migrations were the dominant process of riverine landscape changes and hence directly infl uenced human occupation of the valley. Therefore, to assess the physical settings of archaeological sites we employed paleochannel analysis, a geomorphological technique aimed at reconstructing river channel transformations in the historical and geological past. The potential application of paleochannel analysis in archaeology includes designing archaeological surveys and predicting destructive river actions at archaeological sites located in river valleys.

Keywords: Archaeology, adaptation, paleochannel studies, geomorphological mapping, geochronology, paleoenvironment, Holocene, northeastern European Russia, Vychegda River.